Understanding the critical skills Canada needs to become a global leader in innovation.
I, Inventor: Should AI systems be listed as inventors in patent applications?
Patent law in North America does not allow AI machines to be listed as inventors, but a recent U.S. Supreme Court ruling shows why the current patent law framework might be outdated.
I, Human: The digital and soft skills driving Canada’s labour market
This report uses online job postings data from Burning Glass to push our understanding of which digital skills are in demand and what combination of digital and soft skills can help workers successfully navigate the Canadian job market.
Does the cooling tech labour market signal trouble for the Canadian economy? Not necessarily.
The once-booming tech sector is experiencing layoffs and hiring freezes, but ebbs and flows in this sector operate in a separate ecosystem from the larger economy.


t the Brookfield Institute for Innovation + Entrepreneurship (BII+E), we’re motivated by the potential of the innovation economy. We believe Canada can build prosperity that will be more widely shared than ever before. To achieve this future, Canada will need forward-looking insights and new thinking to advance actionable innovation policy.


Our multi-disciplinary teams focus on work streams which we believe are critical to Canada’s future economic success. They build collaborative relationships with our partners to generate rigorous research, propose unconventional approaches and pilot ideas to explore how Canada’s innovation economy can include people of different ages, incomes and backgrounds.

How does artificial intelligence (AI) impact workers, managers, and the organization of work — and how does this vary across sectors and countries? BII+E is leading Canadian case study research on the impact of AI-based technologies in finance and manufacturing workplaces, alongside our partners in the OECD and other countries.
In the wake of COVID-19, Canada has an opportunity to reorient its innovation policy to maximize economic, social and environmental benefits. This project charts an ambitious and practical road map for harnessing Canada’s innovation potential to drive economic growth and respond to our most pressing collective challenges.
Il constitue la prochaine étape de notre recherche sur l'emploi en 2030 et est conçu pour concrétiser les Prévisions sur la croissance des professions au Canada. Nous visons à élaborer des solutions régionales pertinentes à l'échelle nationale qui aident les travailleurs de partout au Canada à acquérir les compétences et les habiletés qui seront essentielles au monde du travail de l'avenir
This work stream seeks to understand future skill demands across Canada, while helping companies and people gain the skills they need to thrive in an innovation-driven economy.
Yesterday’s Gone: Exploring the future of Canada’s labour market in a post-COVID world
Using futures research and expert workshops, this report explores a broad range of trends with the potential to impact Canada’s labour market over the coming decade—many of which have been accelerated, disrupted, or created by COVID-19. It is designed to push leaders from all sectors to consider new possibilities about the future of work and inform the design of future-focused solutions.
Skills demand in a digital economy
We know digital skills are important. But we know less about the specific skills that are in demand across the economy. To address this issue, we’ve developed a demand-driven taxonomy of digital skills and uncover the specific combinations of digital and soft skills employers are looking for.
Employment in 2030 Action Labs
In collaboration with five partners, the project took an innovation-based approach to identify new and novel solutions to pressing labour market challenges in identified regions across Canada.